Ozone is a Natural Gas

Safe for the environment, generates on-site with Ozone Generator System

Ozone is an unstable gas and it is made of just one thing oxygen, it has very short life, which means it reacts and disappears rapidly. Any pathogen or contaminant that can be disinfected, altered or removed via an oxidation process will be affected by ozone. It is the strongest of all molecules available for disinfection in water treatment and is second only to elemental fluorine in oxidizing power. Ozone gas produced by ozone generator, which oxidants and disinfectant for air and water treatment. At Faraday Ozone, we are focusing our efforts on various applications and markets in which we can make significant impacts.

Why Ozone?

Ozone oxidation is the most excellent and environment friendly to disinfects the water and air. It works effectively against bacteria, viruses compared to chlorine. In addition, oxidizing properties can also reduce the concentration of iron, manganese, sulfur and reduce or eliminate taste and odour problems.

Ozone oxides the iron, manganese, and sulfur in the water to form insoluble metal oxides or elemental sulfur. These insoluble particles are then removed by post-filtration. Organic particles and chemicals will be eliminated through either coagulation or chemical oxidation. Ozone is unstable and it will degrade over a time frame ranging from a few seconds to 30 minutes. The rate of degradation is a function of water chemistry, pH and water temperature.


Oxygen - Ozone Cycle

Ozone is fundamentally made up by oxygen. When an oxygen molecule (O2) is exposed to electric high voltage (or UV-light in the stratosphere), the oxygen molecule (O2) is split into two oxygen atoms (O1). The resulting oxygen atom (O1) to connects with oxygen molecules (O2) and ozone (O3) is formed. Ozone then reacts with other substances and the single oxygen atom (O1) disconnects from the ozone molecule (O3), which then again turns into an oxygen molecule.

ozone-sterilization-process-in-the-air ozone-sterilization-process-in-the-air

The ozone is injected into the water or air stream, where it inactivates contaminants by actually rupturing the organism call wall. At the heart of a corona discharge ozone system is the dielectric. The electrical charge is diffused over this dielectric surface, creating an electrical surface, creating an electrical field or "Corona".

Ozone Benefits

Ozone can be used in many applications and it is generated on site from oxygen, which eliminates the need to haul chemicals or other dangerous products. In many applications ozone saves money, environment & time. Ozone is much healthier & safer to use than harsh caustic chemicals & it does an excellent job. There are many applications where thermo oxidation is used to disinfect or clean. Ozone can do the same job as thermo oxidation, but with the advantage of working in cold environments, this provides savings in energy & money.

  • Ozone is 51% more powerful on bacterial cell walls than chlorine
  • Ozone kills bacteria 3100 times faster than chlorine
  • Ozone is the most powerful broad spectrum microbiological control agent available
  • Ozone eliminates the use of hot water and conventional sanitizer
  • Ozone virtually eliminates all chemical usage
  • Ozone is chemical-free; it produces NO toxic by-products
  • Ozone has full FDA-approval for direct-food contact application
  • Ozone is clean and environment-friendly, its only by-product is oxygen
  • Ozone is extremely effective as a disinfectant at relatively low concentrations
  • Ozone is generated on site eliminating the transporting, storing and handling of hazardous materials
  • Ozone is very inexpensive to produce and has an unlimited supply
  • Ozone is much safer for employees than any conventional chemicals
  • Ozone extends the shelf life of food products
  • Ozone permits recycling of wastewater
  • Ozone reduces Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)

Ozone Knowledge

Ozone (O3), called "activated oxygen," contains three atoms of oxygen rather than the two atoms we normally breathe. Ozone is the second most powerful sterilant in the world and can be used to destroy bacteria, viruses and odors. Interestingly, ozone occurs quite readily in nature, most often as a result of lightning strikes that occur during thunderstorms.

Ozone operates according to the principle of oxidation. The third oxygen atom of ozone is extremely reactive because it is unstable. When the static loaded ozone molecule (O3) contacts with something oxidizable, the charge of the ozone molecule will directly flow over. Ozone can oxidize with all kinds of materials, but also odor and microorganisms like viruses, moulds and bacteria. The extra oxygen atom releases from the ozone molecule and binds with the other material. Eventually remains only the pure and stable oxygen molecule.

Ozone can be produced artificially according to the same principle as it occurs in nature.

  • Corona Discharge - It creates ozone by applying high voltage to a metallic grid sandwiched between two dielectrics. The high voltage jumps through the dielectric to a grounded screen and in the process, creates ozone from oxygen present in the chamber. This also occurs naturally during lightning storms.
  • Ultra-violet UV - UV light creates ozone when a wavelength at 254 nm (nanometers) hits an oxygen atom. The molecule (O2) splits into two atoms (O) which combine with another oxygen molecule (O2) to form ozone (O3). This also occurs naturally through the sun rays.

Ozone will last between 30 minutes to 4 hours for the third oxygen atom to break apart to react with odors and bacteria, and revert back into oxygen. On a lower concentration level, it will typically take 30 minutes to 1-2 hours for ozone to break down into breathable oxygen. Additionally ozone breaks down thermally. Higher temperatures destroy ozone quicker than lower temperatures.

Ozone is destroyed or self-destructed, it can return back to oxygen. Destruction of ozone requires energy since it is an exothermic reaction. Destruction of ozone is carried out by different methods.

  • Adsorption process
  • Catalytic process
  • Chemical dilution
  • Thermal decomposition

Ozone is considered as fully utilized or destroyed when the off gas is 0.12 ppm in the outdoor and 0.1 ppm in the indoor environment.

Ozone is used to oxidize anything that is oxidizable. Oxidation is a chemical reaction in which electrons are lost by ions,atoms or molecules.

Ozone is harmful after inhalation when it is used at higher concentrations. 0.1 PPM is the maximum concentration allowable in the presence of humans for 8 hours in a day, similarly 5 days in a week. This limit was proposed by occupational safety and health agency (OSHA). The concentrations mentioned above are much higher than the odour threshold at which ozone can be smelled, so critical concentrations will be noticed quickly. When people are exposed to high ozone concentrations the symptoms can vary from dryness in the mouth and throat, coughing, headache and chest restriction. Nearby the lethal limits, more acute problems will follow. When larger ozone generators are applied, ozone destructors can be used for the destruction of residual ozone.

  • Ozone leaves no chemical by-products in water
  • Ozone leaves no chemical taste or smell
  • Ozone will not burn eyes or make them red or irritated
  • Ozone will not irritate or dry out skin, nose or ears
  • Ozone will not discolour or damage hair or clothing
  • Ozone adds no contaminants or by-products to water
  • Ozone rids water and air of unhealthy micro-organisms
  • Ozone is NOT a carcinogen

There are a lot of measuring instruments available to measure ozone in water and air. These measuring instruments rest on different principles and can measure the concentrations from PPM (PPM = Parts Per Million) to PPB (= Parts Per Billion). The instruments can be used for monitoring and controlling the ozone generator.

  • Ozone destroys bacteria, viruses, mold and mildew
  • Ozone eliminates spores, cysts, yeast and fungus
  • Ozone oxidizes iron, sulfur, manganese and hydrogen sulfate
  • Ozone eliminates oils and other contaminants in water
  • Ozone keeps water clean and sparkling clear
  • Ozone keeps water fresh

Ozone kills bacteria by destroying the cell wall of the bacteria. Once the cell wall is destroyed, the bacteria will be unable to survive.

Ozone destroys viruses by diffusing through the protein coat into the nucleic acid core, resulting in damage of the viral RNA. At higher concentrations, ozone destroys the exterior protein shell by oxidation.

Ozone destroys microorganisms instantly and effectively without leaving harmful residue in treated air, food or processing water, unlike other chemicals used for the same purpose. Therefore, ozone is safer and environmentally friendlier than most other antimicrobials. For example, ozone kills bacteria 3,125 times faster than chlorine.

Organisms killed by Ozone

One benefit is the variety of microbes ozone can kill with a small dose and residual. Many factors determine the residual, but generally, the higher the ozone production, the higher the residual and the longer it will last in the water. Required residual is dictated by the amount and type of microbes to be killed. When ozone degrades, it reverts back to oxygen, thus it is safe and not a chemical hazard to people, equipment or the environment.



  • Achromobacter butyri NCI-9404
  • Aeromonas harveyi NC-2
  • Aeromonas salmonicida NC-1102
  • Bacillus anthracis
  • Bacillus cereus
  • B. coagulans
  • Bacillus globigii
  • Bacillus licheniformis
  • Bacillus megatherium sp.
  • Bacillus paratyphosus
  • B. prodigiosus
  • Bacillus subtilis
  • B. stearothermophilus
  • Clostridium botulinum
  • C. sporogenes
  • Clostridium tetoni
  • Cryptosporidium
  • Coliphage
  • Corynebacterium diphthriae
  • Eberthella typhosa
  • Endamoeba histolica
  • Escherichia coli
  • Escherichia coli
  • Flavorbacterium SP A-3
  • Leptospira canicola
  • Listeria
  • Micrococcus candidus
  • Micrococcus caseolyticus KM-15
  • Micrococcus spharaeroides
  • Mycobacterium leprae
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Neisseria catarrhalis
  • Phytomonas tumefaciens
  • Proteus vulgaris
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Pseudomonas
  • fluorscens (bioflims)
  • Pseudomonas putida
  • Salmonella choleraesuis
  • Salmonella enteritidis
  • Salmonella typhimurium
  • SalmonSalmonella typhimurium
  • Salmonella typhosa
  • Salmonella paratyphiSarcina lutea
  • Seratia marcescens
  • Shigella dysenteriae
  • Shigella flexnaria
  • Shigella paradysenteriae
  • Spirllum rubrum
  • Staphylococcus albus
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Streptococcus 'C’
  • Streptococcus faecalis
  • Streptococcus hemolyticus
  • Streptococcus lactis
  • Streptococcus salivarius
  • Streptococcus viridans
  • Torula rubra
  • Vibrio alginolyticus & angwillarum
  • Vibrio clolarae
  • Vibrio comma
  • Virrio ichthyodermis NC-407
  • V. parahaemolyticus ella typhosa
  • Salmonella paratyphiSarcina lutea
  • Seratia marcescens
  • Shigella dysenteriae
  • Shigella flexnaria
  • Shigella paradysenteriae
  • Spirllum rubrum
  • Staphylococcus albus
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Streptococcus 'C’
  • Streptococcus faecalis
  • Streptococcus hemolyticus
  • Streptococcus lactis
  • Streptococcus salivarius
  • Streptococcus viridans
  • Torula rubra
  • Vibrio alginolyticus & angwillarum
  • Vibrio clolarae
  • Vibrio comma
  • Virrio ichthyodermis NC-407
  • V. parahaemolyticus

Fungus & Molds Spores

  • Aspergillus candidus
  • Aspergillus flavus (yellowish-green)
  • Aspergillus glaucus (bluish-green)
  • Aspergillus niger (black)
  • Aspergillus terreus, saitoi & oryzac
  • Botrytis allii
  • Colletotrichum lagenarium
  • Fusarium oxysporum
  • Grotrichum
  • Mucor recomosus A & B (white-gray)
  • Mucor piriformis
  • Oospora lactis (white)
  • Penicillium cyclopium
  • P. chrysogenum & citrinum
  • Penicillium digitatum (olive)
  • Penicillium glaucum
  • Penicillium expansum (olive)
  • Penicillium egyptiacum
  • Penicillium roqueforti (green)
  • Rhizopus nigricans (black)
  • Rhizopus stolonifer


  • Adenovirus (type 7a)
  • Bacteriophage (E.coli)
  • Coxackie A9, B3, & B5
  • Cryptosporidium
  • Echovirus 1, 5, 12, & 29
  • Encephalomyocarditis
  • Hepatitis A
  • HIV
  • GD V11 Virus
  • Onfectious hepatitis
  • Influenza
  • Legionella pneumophila
  • Polio virus (Poliomyelitus) 1, 2 & 3
  • Rotavirus
  • Tobacco mosaic
  • Vesicular Stomatitis

Fungal Pathongens

  • Alternaria solani
  • Botrytis cinerea
  • Fusarium oxysporum
  • Monilinia fruiticola
  • Monilinia laxa
  • Pythium ultimum
  • Phytophthora erythroseptica
  • Phytophthora parasitica
  • Rhizoctonia solani
  • Rhizopus stolonifera
  • Sclerotium rolfsii
  • Sclerotinia sclerotiorum


  • Baker's yeast
  • Candida albicans-all forms
  • Common yeast cake
  • saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • saccharomyces ellipsoideus
  • saccharomyces sp.


  • Paramecium
  • Nematode eggs
  • Chlorella vulgaris (Algae)
  • All Pathogenic & Non-pathogenic


  • Chlorella vulgaris
  • Thamnidium
  • Trichoderma viride
  • Verticillium albo-atrum
  • Verticillium dahliae


  • Cryptosporidium parvum
  • Giardia lamblia
  • Giardia muris